Aquaculture refers to the farming of aquatic organisms, such as fish, shellfish, and plants, in controlled environments. It involves the cultivation of freshwater and marine species for commercial purposes. Aquaculture plays a crucial role in meeting the increasing demand for seafood while reducing the pressure on wild fish stocks. This industry utilizes various techniques, including fish farming, hatcheries, and aquaponics, to produce a sustainable and efficient food source. Aquaculture not only provides a diverse range of seafood products but also contributes to the conservation of marine ecosystems.